Symptoms of Dysmenorrhea

If you think you may have dysmenorrhea, here are some symptoms to watch out for:

  • severe cramping in the lower abdomen
  • sharp pains that radiate from your abdomen into your lower back, thighs, and legs
  • dizziness, fainting spells
  • cold sweats
  • headache
  • nausea and vomiting
  • bowel problems, especially diarrhea
  • frequent urination
  • fatigue
  • irritability and nervousness

Dysmenorrhea in People with Fibromyalgia

Dysmenorrhea is a common symptom of fibromyalgia. In fact, between 70% and 90% of women with fibromyalgia suffer from painful period cramps and 45% of these women actually have primary dysmenorrhea.

Most women with dysmenorrhea and fibromyalgia will fall under the primary dysmenorrhea category. Some women may develop secondary dysmenorrhea with their fibromyalgia, but this is the result of another complication.

Cause of Dysmenorrhea in Fibromyalgia Patients

Dysmenorrhea in fibromyalgia is probably the result of increased sensitivity to pain. Fibromyalgia interferes with pain receptors in the brain. When certain areas of your body are stimulated, pain signals are sent to the brain.

Fibromyalgia causes the brain to magnify these pain signals, causing intense discomfort. Dysmenorrhea is probably the result of magnified pain signals sent from the uterus.

Effects of Dysmenorrhea in Fibromyalgia Patients

Dysmenorrhea can make fibromyalgia relief difficult to attain. It can make fibromyalgia pain even worse. The pain caused by dysmenorrhea can lead to headaches, nausea, and dizziness that only exacerbate already existing fibromyalgia symptoms.

If you have both fibromyalgia and dysmenorrhea, it is important to visit with your health care provider. He or she can inform you about a variety of treatment options that can reduce your pain and get you back to a happy, active life.


Treating Dysmenorrhea

If you are suffering from the pain of dysmenorrhea, it is important that you seek treatment from your health care provider.

Treatment will depend upon the type of dysmenorrhea that you are diagnosed with.

Primary Dysmenorrhea Treatment

Many women find relief from their menstrual cramping through the use of NSAIDs.

NSAIDs like ibuprofen, acetaminophen, and naproxen, are available over-the-counter and by prescription.

Anti-prostaglandin medication also helps to relieve cramping. This medication works effectively in over 80% of dysmenorrhea sufferers.

Secondary Dysmenorrhea Treatment

Treatment for secondary dysmenorrhea depends upon the cause of the condition. Your health care provider will be able to recommend appropriate methods of treatment as soon as the cause of your dysmenorrhea has been found.


Table of Contents
1. Dysmenorrhea
2. Painful period cramps
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