Injury and Muscle Trauma
Muscle pain is one of the foremost symptoms of fibromyalgia. Aches, pain, and stiffness often contribute to increased fatigue and even disability in many fibromyalgia sufferers. Numerous fibromyalgia sufferers find that they have trouble remaining active due to a decreased range of motion and persistent muscle pain. A number of researchers have theorized that muscle trauma and injury may actually play a role in causing fibromyalgia. Doctors who treat large numbers of fibromyalgia patients report that the majority of patients say that their fibromyalgia was caused by an injury - a fact that corroborates the research.
Microtrauma to Muscles
Unfortunately, muscle injuries can be caused by pretty much anything. From car accidents to aggressive exercise routines, muscle injuries are experienced by almost everyone at some point in their lives. Most muscle injuries make themselves known fairly soon after trauma, however, some injuries remain dormant.
There is a typical history for people who develop fibromyalgia after a trauma. The primary complaint reported is usually serious pain in the neck, shoulders and back area. Often the people had no previous issues with ongoing pain prior to the trauma. Shortly after the accident or trauma, the pain set in and never went away. X-rays, evaluations, pain medications, and other medical treatments may help for a time but the pain continues to be as severe as it was initially.
Muscle microtrauma tends to remain undetected by most sufferers. Sometimes, trauma incurred through exercise or car accidents can hit the tiny muscles and nerves inside your body. These tiny muscles can become torn, eventually contributing to the formation of trigger points around the body.
Tender points, or trigger points, are areas in the soft tissues, especially the muscles, which are very sensitive and painful when pressed. Because they are in distinct locations in the body, their presence is the main criteria used to diagnose fibromyalgia. Generalized fibromyalgia is diagnosed when there are widespread tender points in many distinct locations. Localized or regional fibromyalgia is, as its name implies, localized into one specific area on the body - the back, upper body, low back, etc. Typically, people who have what is termed post-traumatic fibromyalgia will have abnormal tightness or nodes with localized spasms that can be felt by touch.